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NECO GCE NOV/DEC 2017/2018 QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

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    Maths obj

    1.CEDADDBEDB
    11.EECECCACED
    21.CBDDBEEBCD
    31.ACEBDBDDAB
    41.BDDBCCABCB
    51.AAACADDCBA
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    MATHS THEORY ANS

    1)A = p x (1 + (r/100))n

    Where:

    p = Principal
    r = Rate in percentages(%)
    n = Number of year(s)
    A = Amount

    principal.=300000

    percentages(%).=7(1/2)

    number of year(s).=3

    A = 300000 x (1 + (7.5/100))³

    A = 300000 x (1 + 0.075)³

    A = 300000 x (1.075)³

    A = 300000 x 1.2422

    A = 372689.06

    Therefore his total savings is

    A=372689.06 + 50000

    =N422689.

    2b) x + y =3______(1)
    x² - y² = 15_____(2)

    Solution

    From equation (2)

    x² - y² = 15

    (x+y)(x-y) = 15_____(3)

    Recall x-y = 3

    Substitute the value of (x-y) in equation (3)

    3(x + y) = 15

    Therefore (x +y) =5

    The value of x+y =5

    4a) length of a chord =2rSinΘ/2
    where
    Θ=94°
    circle of radius =4cm
    = 2(4) Sin94/2
    =8Sin(47)
    = 8(0.7314)
    =5.85cm
    n(µ)=40 = sum of subset
    40 = 35 -x +x +26-x
    40 = 61 -x
    x = 61 -40
    x = 21

    4b)A = πrl + πr²

    Where:

    A = Area of the Cone
    r = Radius of the Cone
    l = Slant Height of the Cone
    A = (π x 7 x 7) + (π x 7²)
    A = 153.94 + (π x 49)
    A = 153.94 + 153.94
    A = 307.88cm²

    5b)Mode = L1 + (i(f1 - f0) / (2f1 - f0 - f2))

    Where:

    L1 = Lower limit of the modal class

    f1 = Frequency of the modal class

    f0 = Frequency of the class preceding the modal class

    f2 = Frequency of the class succeeding the modal class

    i = Class interval


    i = 10

    L1 = 30.5

    f1 = 15

    f0 = 12

    f2 = 7

    Mode = L1 + (i(f1 - f0) / (2f1 - f0 - f2))

    Mode = 30.5 + (10(15 - 12) / (2(15) - 12 - 7))

    Mode = 30.5 + (10(3) / (30 - 12 - 7))

    Mode = 30.5 + (30 / 11)

    Mode = 30.5 + 2.73

    Mode = 33.23

    5ci)5ci)Mean = ∑fm / ∑f

    ∑fm = 33 + 155 + 306 + 532.5 + 301

    ∑fm = 1327.5

    ∑f = 6 + 10 + 12 + 15 + 7

    ∑f = 50

    Mean = ∑fm / ∑f

    Mean = 1327.5 / 50

    Mean = 26.55

    5cii5b)5cii)5c)L ₁ + i(((N / 2) - cf) / f)

    Where:

    L ₁ = Lower limit of the median class

    f = Frequency of the median class

    cf = Cumulative frequency of the class preceding the median class

    i = Class interval of the median class

    N = Sum of the Frequencies = 49

    Data table
    x f cf C.B
    1-10 6 6 0.5 -10.5

    11-20 10 16 10.5 - 20.5

    21-30 11 27 20.5 - 30.5

    31-40 15 42 30.5 - 40.5

    41-50 7 49 40.5 - 50.5
    5c)L ₁ + i(((N / 2) - cf) / f)

    Where:

    L ₁ = Lower limit of the median class

    f = Frequency of the median class

    cf = Cumulative frequency of the class preceding the median class

    i = Class interval of the median class

    N = Sum of the Frequencies = 49

    Data table
    x f cf C.B
    1-10 6 6 0.5 -10.5

    11-20 10 16 10.5 - 20.5

    21-30 12 28 20.5 - 30.5

    31-40 15 43 30.5 - 40.5

    41-45 7 50 40.5 - 50.5

    Median Class = 20.5 - 30.5

    L1 = 20.5

    N = 50

    cf = 16

    i = 10

    f = 12

    Median = L1 + i(((N / 2) - cf) / f)

    Median = 20.5 + 10(((50 / 2) - 16) / 12)

    Median = 20.5 + 10((25 - 16) / 12)

    Median = 20.5 + 10(9 / 12)

    Median = 20.5 + 10(0.75)

    Median = 20.5 + 7.5

    Median = 28

    11a) DISTANCE PW ON A PARRALLEL OF LATITUDE

    P(42°N ,48°E) and Q(42°N, 36°W)

    θ = 48° + 36°

    θ = 84°

    operation is y = (θ⁄360) x 2πR

    Where:

    y = Distance Along Two Great Circles

    θ = Angular Difference

    R = Radius of the Earth



    PQ= (θ⁄360) x 2πR

    pQ= (84⁄360) x (2 x π x 6400)

    PQ = 0.233 x 40212.39

    PQ= 9382.89Km.

    [11b) DISTANCE WE ALONG THE LINE OF LATITUDE

    θ = 42° + 22°

    θ = 64°

    Therefore, your angular difference = 64°
    QR = (θ⁄360) x 2πR

    Where:

    y = Distance Along Two Great Circles

    θ = Angular Difference

    R = Radius of the Earth

    QR= (θ⁄360) x 2πR

    QR = (64⁄360) x (2 x π x 6400)

    QR = 0.178 x 40212.39

    QR = 7148.87Km

    12a) Mean = ∑fm / ∑f
    x f. m. Fm
    1-10 12 5.5 66

    11-20 35 15.5 542.5

    21-30 21 25.5 535.5

    31-40 22 35.5 781

    41-50 10 45.5 455

    ∑fm = 66 + 542.5 + 535.5 + 781 + 455

    ∑fm = 2380

    ∑f = 12 + 35 + 21 + 22 + 10

    ∑f = 100

    Mean = ∑fm / ∑f

    Mean = 2380 / 100

    Mean = 23.8

    12b)Mean Deviation = ∑f|m - Mean| / N

    Where:

    m = Mid value of the grouped data

    N = Sum of the frequencies

    Mean = ∑fm / N

    N = 12 + 35 + 21 + 22 + 10

    N = 100

    ∑fm = 66 + 542.5 + 535.5 + 781 + 455

    ∑fm = 2380

    Mean = 2380 / 100

    Mean = 23.8

    Mean Deviation = ∑f|m - Mean| / N

    ∑f|m - Mean| = 219.60 + 290.5 + 35.69+ 257.4 + 217

    ∑f|m - Mean| = 1020.19

    Mean Deviation = 1020.19 / 100

    Mean Deviation = 10.20

    12c)Standard Deviation = √(∑f|m - Mean|² / N)

    Where:

    m = Mid value of each grouped data

    N = Sum of the frequencies

    Mean = ∑fm / N

    N = 12 + 35 + 21 + 22 + 10

    N = 100

    ∑fm = 66 + 542.5 + 535.5 + 781 + 455

    ∑fm = 2380

    Mean = 2380 / 100

    Mean = 23.8

    ∑f|m - Mean|² = 4018.68 + 2411.15 + 60.69 + 3011.58 + 4708.9

    ∑f|m - Mean|² = 14211

    Standard Deviation = √(∑f|m - Mean|² / N)

    Standard Deviation = √(14211 / 100)

    Standard Deviation = √(142.11)

    Standard Deviation = 11.92

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    GOVERNMENT ANSWERS


    Government OBJ :
    1- 10 : EDABDAAADC
    11 -20 : DADDACDBED
    21 -30 : DCBBEBCBCD
    31 -40 : ABDEABEACB
    41 -50 : CEAABAECCA
    51 -60 : CDBACCADBA


    PLEASE ANSWER ONLY 2 QUESTIONS FROM SECTION A

    1)
    -- the use of the mass media should be free;
    -- encouraging the use of opinion polls on issues ;
    -- responsible and responsive social institution ;
    -- existence of political parties will help to mould the opinion of the people ,
    ================================

    2a )
    I ) Grants and allocation from the central government or state Government
    Statutory allocation are provided for in law and represents either a percentage of the total income of the state or federal government .
    Ii )internal Source I . e money earned by the councils themselves which is made up of various taxes and rates charged for services rendered to people by the local government .
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    ================================

    4a )Zero Party system - Is a system of government in which no political party exist in a country either because the law forbid it or because no party has emerged

    4b )
    I ) unites the political elite under one umbrella .
    Ii )accelerate the goal of national economic development .
    Iii)provide appropriate mechanism for mass mobilization
    Iv) provision of permanent and direct contact between the government and the people .
    V) diminishes political riots during campaign


    5)
    1. A military coup (carried out by Maj. Nzeogwu which led to the death of Tafawa Belewa, etc )
    2. A counter- coup (led by Gowon, which led to the brutal murder of Aguiyi Ironsi , Fajuyi , etc )
    3. The 1966 anti- Igbo pogrom in the north (persecution of Igbo people living in Northern Nigeria)- this is the imminent cause of the Nigerian civil war according to local and foreign war historians .

    6a)
    The age-grade consisted of youngsters that belong to the same age-group. The senior age-group maintained peace and order in the village and also provided security to ward off external attacks, while the junior age-group concentrated on the sanitation of the community and other necessary duties.


    6b)
    Igbos

    --The Title Holders
    --Village Assembly
    --Age-Grade Society
    --The Judiciary
    --Defence Of Village
    --Abuse Of Power
    --The Judiciary
    --The Executive
    --The Legislative


    Hausa


    --District Administration
    --Supreme Headquarters
    --Village Heads
    --Legislative Functions
    --Executive Functions
    --Judicial Functions


    10)
    1. Corrupt civilian governors, ministers and other officials of the Shehu Shagari government were all rounded up by Buhari.
    2. War Against Indiscipline (WAI ) is probably not the positive achievement of General. Many Nigerians will not forget biting their fingers and desperately preventing a tear from dropping. At that time many people pray that a miracle will happen and WAI Brigades do not catch them.
    3. Queue culture. The government forced Nigerians to imbibe the queue culture in public places.
    4. Nationalism and patriotism.
    The third phase of implementing WAI was focused on matters of nationalism and patriotism (including respect for the flag and National Anthem), while the fourth phase focused on total war against saboteurs and all facets of corruption.
    5. Buhari’s regime also managed to reduce inflation, rejected all International Monetary Fund conditionalities, such as the devaluing the naira, sharply reduced unnecessary imports, minimized oil bunkering and when bunkered oil was seized, he used it to get relevant commodities, equipment and machinery using the counter trade policy.
    6. There was also an unexpected creation of new notes to halt currency smuggling and there was substantial refinancing of trade debt arrears.
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    NECO GCE GEOGRAPHY PRACTICAL ANSWERS

    5a)

    A landslide is the movement of rock, earth, or debris down a sloped section of land.


    5b)

    Rivers erode in four ways:
    -Abrasion or corrasion;This is when large pieces of bedload material wear away the river banks and bed.

    -Attrition ;This is when the bed load itself is eroded when sediment particles knock against the bed or each other and break, becoming more rounded and smaller.

    -Hydraulic Action :This is when the force of water erodes softer rock.

    -Solution or corrosion; This is when acidic water erodes rock.


    5c)
    1. Slope
    - gravity provides the energy to move the materials.
    - rapid movements (e.g. landslide, slumping) are commonly found on steep slopes while slow movements (e.g. soil
    creep) are found on gentle slopes.
    2. Water
    - rainwater acts as a lubricant to weathered materials.
    - rainwater adds weight to weathered materials.
    3. Rock structure
    - joints dipping downslope usually assists landslides, rockfalls, rockslide, rock creep..... etc.
    4. Vegetation
    - lack of vegetation cover to hold the loose particles.

    7a)
    i)river overflow
    ii)ice and snow melts
    iii)strong winds in coastal lands
    iv)dam breaking

    7b)
    i)loss of human life
    ii)destruction of crops
    iii)loss of livestock
    iv)deterioration of health conditions

    7c)
    i)planting vegetation to retain extra water
    ii)construction of floodways
    iii)terracing hillsides to slow flow downhole
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    Acct
    1ACDBEEAEAB
    11EEBECBCDDA
    21DEBDEEACAC
    31CBACBCBBDD
    41DCDDDAAEEB
    51EDDABBDDDE

    4ai)

    i)the companies involved do not necessarily renounce their identity as natural or legal persons, but maintain their independence.

    ii)the companies involved carry out a business, activity or project together, but without the need to change their identities as companies, as would happen, for example in a merger or take over.

    iii) The most common cases of joint venture are between companies of different nationalities where one of them seeks to enter the market where the other is located, and where to achieve this it is necessary to overcome big trade barriers, make a big investment and Access to the know-how of the market.

    4b)
    i)A joint venture involves two or more companies joining together in business, whereas in a partnership, it is individuals who join together for a combined venture.

    ii) A joint venture can be described as a contractual arrangement between two companies that aims to undertake a specific task. Whereas, a partnership involves an agreement between two parties wherein they agree to share the profits as well as any loss incurred.

    iii)A partnership will last for many years until the parties involved have no differences. While a joint venture company will last for only a limited period until their goal is achieved.

    iv)The members in a partnership can claim a capital cost allowance as per the partnership rules. Whereas, joint ventures can use as much or as little of the capital cost allowance.

    1ai)

    Uncredited cheques: Cheques received by business, paid into bank and debited in cash book but not yet cleared by bank and entered in its record.

    1aii)

    Unpresented cheques: Cheques drawn or paid by business and credited in cash book but these cheques have not yet been presented to bank for payment.

    1aiii)

    Dishonored Cheque is a cheque which is presented for payment and the drawer has insufficient fund in his or her account to cover the cheque which will then be returned to the payee marked “ refer to drawer”

    1iv)

    The term bank charge covers allcharges and fees made by a bank to their customers. In common parlance, the term often relates to charges in respect of personal current accountsor checking account.

    1b.)

    The partnership deed must contain the following particular:

    --The name of the firm.

    --The names and addresses of the partners.

    --The nature of the business.

    --The term or duration of partnership.

    --The amount of capital to be contributed by each partner.

    2ai)
    Real Account: The accounts relating to all assets and properties are called real accounts.
    2aii)
    Personal Account: The accounts relating to induviduals, firms, associations or companies are known as personal account.

    2aiii)
    Nominal Account: The accounts relating to expenses, losses, incomes and gains are known as nominal accounts.
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    1b)-increase in Diseases
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    - increase in Migration.
    1c) -Decrease of birth rate/Family planning
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    BIO LOADING
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    BIOLOGY ANSWERS

    (1ai)
    Sexual reproduction:This is a type of reproduction which involves the fussion of male gametes(eg sperm cell) and the female gametes(eg egg cell) to form zygote which later develops to a young offspring

    (1aii)
    -Abstinence
    -Birth Control Sponge (Today Sponge)
    -Birth Control Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)
    -Birth Control Shot (Depo-Provera)
    -Birth Control Implant (Implanon and Nexplanon)

    (1aiii)
    -Mutualism represents a symbiotic relationship where both species involved benefit from the relationship while commensalism represents a symbiotic relationship where only one organism benefits while the other does not benefit from the relationship
    -Good examples for mutualism include the relationship between bees and flowers as well as humans and digestive bacteria while Examples for commensalism include hermit crabs using dead gastropods for shelter or millipedes travelling on birds

    (1b)
    (i)Hooks and suckers allow it to hold on tightly to the wall of the intestine
    (ii)Its flat body gives it a large surface area to absorb food
    (iii)It has no need of a mouth or gut as it absorbs already digested food

    (1ci)
    DRAW THE DIAGRAM

    (1cii)
    -Evidences from Palaeontology


    (2ai)
    (i) Acidification: This is a method of adding acid to a loe acid food. Acid can be used in food to slow down or prevent the growth of disease or spoilage causing organisms
    (ii) Drying of Food: Food drying is a method of food preservation in which food is dried (dehydrated or desiccated). Drying inhibits the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and mold through the removal of water.
    (iii) Home Canning: Home canning is a way to preserve fresh foods in glass jars and then heating the jars to kill the organisms that would create spoilage
    (iv) Freezing Food: This is a method of preserving food by lowering the temperature to inhibit microorganism growth.

    (2aii)
    (i) Vector is an organism that does not cause disease itself but which spreads infection by conveying pathogens from one host to another. Species of mosquito, for example, serve as vectors for the deadly disease Malaria
    (ii) Refuse can be defined as All nonhazardous solid waste from a community that requires collection and transport to a processing or disposal site
    (iii) Sewage is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people. It is characterized by volume or rate of flow, physical condition, chemical and toxic constituents, and its bacteriologic status

    (2b)
    (i) Mineral salts from soil
    (ii) Products of photosynthesis from leaves

    (2c)
    DRAW THE DIAGRAM

    Differences between plant and animal cell

    Size: Animal cells are generally smaller than plant cells. Animal cells range from 10 to 30 micrometers in length, while plant cells range from 10 and 100 micrometers in length.

    Shape:Animal cells come in various sizes and tend to have round or irregular shapes. Plant cells are more similar in size and are typically rectangular or cube shaped.

    Energy Storage: Animals cells store energy in the form of the complex carbohydrate glycogen. Plant cells store energy as starch.

    Proteins: Of the 20 amino acids needed to produce proteins, only 10 can be produced naturally in animal cells. The other so-called essential amino acids must be acquired through diet. Plants are capable of synthesizing all 20 amino acids.

    Differentiation:In animal cells, only stem cells are capable of converting to other cell types. Most plant cell types are capable of differentiation.

    Growth: Animal cells increase in size by increasing in cell numbers. Plant cells mainly increase cell size by becoming larger. They grow by absorbing more water into the central vacuole.

    Cell Wall: Animal cells do not have a cell wall but have a cell membrane. Plant cells have a cell wall composed of cellulose as well as a cell membrane.

    Centrioles: Animal cells contain these cylindrical structures that organize the assembly of microtubules during cell division. Plant cells do not typically contain centrioles.

    Cilia: Cilia are found in animal cells but not usually in plant cells. Cilia are microtubules that aid in cellular locomotion.

    Cytokinesis: Cytokinesis, the division of the cytoplasm during cell division, occurs in animal cells when a cleavage furrow forms that pinches the cell membrane in half. In plant cell cytokinesis, a cell plate is constructed that divides the cell.

    Glyoxysomes: These structures are not found in animal cells, but are present in plant cells. Glyoxysomes help to degrade lipids, particularly in germinating seeds, for the production of sugar.

    Lysosomes: Animal cells possess lysosomes which contain enzymes that digest cellular macromolecules.


    3ai)
    Grass-->grasshopper -->lizard -->hawk

    ii) Epigeal germination: Here during seed germination, the cotyledons are brought above the ground due to the elongation of hypocotyl. This type of germination is seen in many dicotlyledons like sunflower, castor, bean etc.

    Hypogeal germination : Here during seed germination, the cotyledons remain in the soil due to the elongation of epicotyl. This type of germination is seen in many dicotyledons like gram, pea etc. and monocotyledons like maize, wheat e.t.c

    NO5ai)
    Respiration is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the toad and its environment. Oxygen is taken into the body and carbon dioxide is given off. Every cell of the body consumes oxygen. With the help of oxygen, the assimilated food which is stored within the cells is slowly oxidised.
    The result is the liberation of heat energy, and formation of carbon dioxide and water. Thus when glucose is oxidised, one molecule of glucose combines with six molecules of oxygen to form six molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water.

    NO5aii)
    (1) consideration of the oxygen isotopic records of low latitude temperature variations;
    (2) discussion of the physical arguments for temperature stability within the tropics;
    (3) examination of climate model-derived tropical temperatures;
    (4) examination of model evidence for tropical salinity differences between different time periods in Earth history

    5bi)
    i. Natality (birth rate):This refers to the rate of given birth to new organisms. This generally (be it plants or animals) leads to increase in population.
    ii. Mortality (death rate):This refers to the rates at which organisms die in a habitat. Mortality generally leads to a decrease in population.
    iii. Immigration (dispersal):This is the movement of organisms from different habitats into a new habitat. This tends to increase the population of this new area.
    Iv. Emigration: This is the movement of organisms out of a habitat due to either scarcity of food or unfavourable conditions or for breeding purposes. This, however, reduces the population of a habitat.
    V. Availability of food: The availability of food in a given habitat tends to increase the population of that habitat through rapid rate of reproduction and other organisms coming into feed.

    NO5bii
    i. homozygousis when a cell has two identical copies of a gene. An example ofhomozygousis a cell
    ii. heterozygote -is an individual having two different alleles of a particular gene or genes, and so giving rise to varying offspring
    iii. parasite- an organism that lives in or on an organism of another species (its host) and benefits by deriving
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    WAEC GCE NOV/DEC RESULTS RELEASED
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    Agric science

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    (1a)
    (i)It makes it difficult for federal government to acquire land
    (ii)Land acquisition now lies on few rich individuals
    (iii)The state government can abuse his power by revoking the certificate of occupancy prematurely
    (iv)It creates room for irregularities as many land speculators may backdate land agreement before the decree

    (1b)
    (i) Population increase: the increase in population reduces the size of land available to the farmers and this eventually leads to low productivity or yield.
    (ii) Land tenure system: the type of land tenure system in most west African nations does not make land available for commercial agriculture. The land tenure system either result in reduced farm land or non-availability of land.
    (iii) Topography: the shape of the land can affect the availability of land. If the land is sloppy, swampy, hilly, e.t.c such land may not be suitable for farming.
    (iv) Cultural practices: cultural practices like bush burning, shifting cultivation, e.t.c can make land unavailable for agriculture
    (v) Soil type: the type of soil determines whether such land will be available for agriculture. If the soil is mainly sandy, such land will not be suitable for farming.

    (1c)
    (i) Reducing compaction from heavy machinery
    (ii) helping to create better soil structure
    (iii) preventing soil structure damage created by working wet field

    (1d)
    (i) clean planter with a pressure water or high pressure air especially important to wash off all starter fertilizer to prevent erosion
    (ii) save all new planter for warranty use referral
    (iii)store in a cool dry place
    (iv) remove seed plate door


    ===========================================
    (3a)
    Agricultural pollution refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming practices that result in contamination or degradation of the environment
    and surrounding ecosystems, and/or
    cause injury to humans and their
    economic interests.

    (3aii)
    (i)Pesticide leaching.
    (ii)Leaching, runoff, and eutrophication.

    (3b)
    (i)Population increase
    (ii)Land tenure system
    (iii)Topography
    (iv)Cultural practices

    (3c)
    (i)Irrigation and Rainfall
    (ii)Livestock
    (iii)Temperature Increases
    (iv)Carbon Dioxide Increase

    (3d)
    (i)biotic and abiotic factors interact in the same fashion.
    (ii)The sole purpose is to promote and
    continue life.
    (iii)The continuation of any given biosphere is the interworking of bacteria, sunlight.
    (iv)the CO2, the soil, the fauna, the rain and all else that compromises the given environment.

    =========================================


    (8a)
    (i)Dairy cattle ie White fulani,Jersey,Ayrshere ,red poll etc
    (ii)Beef cattle ie Sokoto gudali,Red bororo,Rahaji,Ndama etc
    (iii)All purposes ie Muturu,Shuwa,Azawal,Biu etc

    (8bi)
    -A good reason to cull a bird is if it is very aggressive and severely wounding other animals.
    -culling helps to reduce feed costs of poor producers

    (8bii)
    -To reduce the risk of injury and bruising to herd mates
    -To prevent financial losses from trimming damaged carcasses caused by horned feedlot cattle during transport to slaughter

    (8c)
    Causative organism:Bacteria(Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
    Mode of transmission:Breathing of air contaminated germs,Feed and water contaminated with droppings and litters
    Symptom:Loss of weight
    Control measure:Vaccination

    (8di)
    Scoop net

    (8dii)
    -Sun drying
    -Smoking

    (8e)
    -Put on protective clothing to avoid getting stung
    -Avoid excessive smoking of the hive
    -Never frighten the bees as this makes them wild to sting
    -Never crush bees as this makes the whole colony excited

    ==========================================



    (9ai)
    Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education

    (9aii)
    (i) He must be a good listener
    (ii) Must be patient with the people
    (iii) Must be honest and transparent
    (iv) Originality in thought, word and action

    (9b)
    (i) mobilization of saving
    (ii) provision of investment avenue
    (iii)proper regulation of funds to agricultural
    (iv) speed up the agricultural growth and development
    (v) capital formation

    (9c)
    (i) Agricultural advancement is necessary for improving the supply of raw materials for the agro-based industries especially in our developing country.
    (ii) The progress in agricultural sector
    provides surplus for increasing the
    exports of agricultural products.
    (iii) Agricultural goods and industrial production and a consequent increase in the general price
    level.
    (iv) Agricultural sector is the backbone of
    an economy which provides the basic
    ingredients to mankind
    (v) Agricultural output and productivity tend to contribute substantially to an overall economic development of the country.
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    4)You are a chief speaker in a debate on the topic: Religious leader have a greater role to play in averting religious crises than the government. Write your argument for or against the montion
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